Dialogue is a process where the participants commit to listen, reflect and question with a curious mindset in order to seek a shared understanding. A resolution dialogue has the purpose of resolving conflict through dialogue.
Moulana Shams-Ul-Haq, a Lawyer and Human Rights Activist said that God has created and declared human being a top creature on the basis of wisdom, so there should be no disputes among them. However, disputes occur and these should be resolve through dialogue.
“Holy book Quran has a supreme importance and authority for entire humanity and particularly for Muslim Ummah. God has created and declared human being a top creature on the basis of wisdom, on the basis of this virtue, there should be no dispute among them but however, disputes occurred among wife and husbands, other relatives and tribes but Quran has tells the solution of these all issues and disputes. Quran says that there is virtue in reconciliation and mediation. So we should all resolve our disputes through dialogue and reconciliation”.
Mr. Shams-Ul-Haq further said that there are several platforms on government levels that provide free of cost services for citizens to settle their disputes. Pakhtun Jarga system is also has influential status.
“In Peshawar there are Disputes Resolution Councils (DRCs) which have been established on Police Station level. A lot of serious cases of disputes referred to these DRCs and these were being resolved through negotiation and dialogue. There is also another forum of Family Court where on the first hearing the respective parties were being asked for reconciliation and then a jarga has been set up for their resettlement. Another form of mediation is the old and historic tradition of Pashtun Jarga”.
Shakil Waheed Ullah Khan who is considered an authority on the subject said the concept of conflict resolution is the revival of old Jirga system of Pashtuns areas.
“If you look the tradition, history and norms and culture of the Pashtuns, you will see that all types of disputes ranging from small and large were being resolved through Jirga, so conflict resolution is the revival and modern form of these traditional jirgas. Importance of dialogue for resolving conflicts is highly important in our areas in these days because small disputes are now converting in big conflicts. So if the practice of conflict resolution begin again in our society and make it promoted then disputes will reduce in our society”.
Rabea Busry, Member of Provincial Assembly KP said that women folk should also participate in dialogue and negotiation process and she herself resolve several disputes through dialogue.
“Earlier there was concept that only men were be the member of Jirga and women should not be part of this process. But a need was felt that in dialogue women participation is essential. Sometimes there are certain disputes where women cannot tell the issue to a man so there will be women mediator who can take part in this process. She herself even leads several Jirgas and resolved the issues of grave concern through conducting dialogue and mediation”.
Mr. Shams-Ul-Haq Advocate said that Islamic teachings, our constitution and our culture all prefer to resolve disputes through dialogue.
In Islamic teachings, constitution and in our cultural discourse stress is given on dialogue to resolve conflicts. Our judicial system has no guts to resolve the conflicts and so dialogue is the best and foremost option for ending conflicts. Today we see the super power ‘United States’ who prefers dialogue to end the Afghan war.
Safi Sarhadi, young writer and artist said that educated lot should come forward to promote the culture of dialogue in the society.
“For promoting the culture of dialogue our educated segment of the society should come forward and initiate the process of dialogue. Some of our youngsters who are being de-track, so our educated segment should initiate dialogue with them with logic and understanding that we are all Pakistanis and should respect the country laws”.